返回網站

中文閱讀理解怎樣做?

· 中文學習

作者:Ms Tina

小朋友上了小學後,家長擔心孩子的閱讀理解能力。孩子主要的困難在於,不明白文章中的生字生詞、句子看不懂、不知道文章的主旨什麼⋯⋯

其實提高閱讀理解能力也不難,讓我們試試以下的辦法。

1、閱讀文章的時候用手指逐字默讀,如果不明白,可以小聲地讀出聲。這樣做防止閱讀文章的時候丟字、落字或者因讀錯字而理解錯句子的意思。

2、遇到不認識的生字詞,暫時跳過生字詞,繼續讀完後面的句子。根據上下文猜想生字詞的意思。

3、遇到看不懂的句子,要反覆多讀幾次。如果還是看不懂,就把這段文字從頭再讀一遍,包括後面的句子。上下文貫穿起來,很大可能你已經知道了這句話的意思。

4、分段落。拿到文章,首先標好段落。做答題的時候,可以根據問題在段落中找到答案。

5、如果不知道文章的主旨是什麼,也不確定文章主要講的是什麼,首先我們可以先看看標題,也許就出現在標題裏。如果還是不能確定,也許第一段落已經交代清楚。同時,我們要帶着心中的問題往下讀。比如講人物的,那麼接下來人物發生什麼事呢?講風景的,這裏的風景如何呢?講事件的,這件是是如何發生?又怎樣發展?結果怎樣?⋯⋯⋯無論哪一種,我們在文章開篇的時候就要確定這篇文章是哪種文體,敘事、說明、議論還是抒情?記得帶着主題往下讀。

要注意的是,無論怎麼樣讀文章,都要耐心、細心地閱讀書讀百遍,其義自現」,一遍不明白再讀一遍,兩遍不明白就讀三遍。讀多了,就一定會明白文章內容。

要提高閱讀的質量和水平,當然還離不開多看中文書。熟能生巧,增加自己的詞彙量和閱讀速度都是提高閱讀理解的好方法。

為了讓小朋友們增強閱讀能力,優優也會出一些online的有趣文章或好玩又有針對性的題目,讓小朋友多些機會練習。請不要錯過哦~

閱讀是一件很有意思的事情,每一篇文章都像好朋友一樣告訴我們一些事情,有些是有趣的,有些是新奇的,有些是我們未曾去過的地方或是不曾知道的科學知識⋯⋯⋯愛上閱讀,你會變得越來越出色!

Many parents are worried about their kids’ comprehensive ability when they went to primary school. They might facing the problem of unseen vocabularies, complicated sentences and sometimes even couldn’t understand the meaning of the passage. Comprehension is not difficult.

Here are some points we can follow.

1. Ask the kids to read the passage by pointing out each words with their little finger. If they still don’t get the meaning then can read words. This could prevent missing words or misread words that cause fault interpretation.

2. When come across unseen vocabularies, kids could skip the unseen words and keep on the rest of the sentence. They could mostly guess the meaning of the word correctly according to the previous phrase.

3. If they don’t understand what’s the sentence is talking about, they could repeat it several times. If they still couldn’t get it, should read the previous sentence as well as the followings. Thus could provide a clue and link the sentences up.

4. Divided the passage into several paragraphs then you could easily find the answers by looking up the according paragraphs.

5. Check the main theme of the story which probably could be found in the title or/and the first paragraph the the passage. Follow the theme to read and understand the script. If it’s talking about person, then think what would happen to the person. If it’s talking about landscape and scenery, what would be it looks like? If the passage is talking about an incident, then when? How? What happened? What’s the ending of the story? No matter which type of writing, we could easily notice whether it is a narration, description, exposition or argumentation from the beginning of the essay.The most important thing is, we always read with patience, carefulness. Keep reading and keep trying. We can finally understand the meaning of the essay.And to build up the habit of reading of course is one of the best way to improve the reading speed and the quantity of vocabularies which enhance the ability of comprehension gradually.

To encourage and strengthen kids’ reading ability, we have launch a series of online passages and playful questions for kids to practice. Don’t miss this chance! Reading is meaningful. Each different essays are telling us a different story like our friends, some are fun, some are refreshing, some could bring us to explore a whole new place or cold knowledge.Through the passion of reading you would become a better person.

所有文章
×

快要完成了!

我們剛剛發給你了一封電郵。 請點擊電郵中的鏈接確認你的訂閱。

好的